How Cycle Gears Work?

If you are new to the cycling world, knowing about your cycling gears is crucial for you as cycle gears help give you a comfortable and enjoyable ride.

After reading this article, you can easily ride your cycle with confidence since you will have complete knowledge about bike gear system.

This long guide will tell you how cycle gears work and how it helps you ride your cycle. It enables you to increase or decrease your speed while riding uphill or downhill, or on a flat surface. If you are buying a hybrid bicycle, mountain bike, or road cycle, you need to know how to use gears in the cycle.

There are various categories of bikes with different gears, such as 1,3,18,21,28 gears. It’s totally one’s choice which one they prefer riding.

How Cycle Gears Work?

Now let us discuss bikes with a total of 21-speed bike gears.


Three gears are located on the front side adjacent to the pedal, and seven gears are located at the rear tire, which will help one ride their bicycle at a different speed. If you multiply them, you get 21 gears. It’s like on front 1st gear, you can use seven back gear, and on 2nd front gear again, you can use seven back gear and so on.

Bicycle gears closer to your pedal area are known as crankset and bicycle gears at your rear tyre know as a cassette.

how to shift gear in bike

On the handlebar, adjacent to brakes, are bicycle gear shifters located, which will help you use cycle gears. The left-hand side gear shifter consists of three cycle gears, which help in using your front gears; on the right-hand side of the gear shifter, you have seven cycle gears that will help you shift gear from your rear tire.

On our crankset, you have three cycle gears. The smallest crankset is your first gear, then the second gear is the crankset bigger than the first, and your third gear is the biggest crankset.

If you want to use the front bicycle gears, you can use the left-hand side shifter by pushing the downward shifter with your left thumb to increase the gears, and with your index finger, you can decrease the cycle gears by pulling the upward shifter.

The lower you use your front gears, the lighter your pedaling will be, and the higher you use your gear, the tighter your pedaling will be. 

Now we will talk about the right-hand side of the gear shifter, which is the rear tire gear. There are seven gears at the rear tire for altering your ride’s speed based on your comfort in a cycle.

 We have numbering mention on our gear shifter so that we know what gear we are riding. 

A downward shifter helps you lower your gear, which lightens your pedaling and is used for a low-speed ride, and the upward shifter enables you to increase the gears of your cycle, which tightens your pedaling and helps you to ride faster.

Why we need Gears in our Cycle?


Well, the buying cycle with or without gears is a question to think about before making your final call.

Gear Cycle vs Normal Cycle

Gears cycle do not help you to break the speed record but make your ride smooth and comfortable.

Suppose you are cycling in a place where you have plain terrains. In that case, you don’t have to upsend and descend your bicycle or practice any hard or smooth pedaling then, and you can take a cycle without any gears. There is no such need for gears as per your usage, and this cycle comes at a budgeted price.

When it comes to maintenance, cycles with gears need more care than the bicycle without gears as the cycles without gears are maintenance-free.

Which Gear Combination to choose???

You will get three options in cassette gear/back gears, and you can use any of them which so ever suits you the best.

If you are climbing a hill, bridge, or pedal more, you should use low-speed mode gear, i.e., crankset gear/front gears on 1st gear and cassette gear/back gear on 1 to 3rd gear, which will give you smooth pedaling and low speed. In this bike gear mode, your pedaling will be faster with low speed, and it will help you climb the bridge, hill easily, and your thighs will not exert much.

Now we will talk about another gear mode, which is medium gear mode. This bike gear mode range from 2nd gear in crankset gear/front gear and 3rd to 5th gear in cassette gear/back gear. This cycle gear is used in the market areas, traffic areas, or where the crowd is more.

Why use this cycling gear in the market area, traffic area, or where the crowd is more? Because we have to use brakes times and have to speed with the traffic around us. If we keep in low or high gear mode, our cycle will have low speed, and any vehicle hit us from the back.

We talk about high gears mode, ranging from 3rd gear in crankset gear/front gear and 5th to 7th gears in cassette gear/back gear. These gears range you will use in downhill, bridge, or when you are on top speed. If you are using it on the descent, then your pedaling will be hard with this gears composition. Then maximum we put effort into our cycle, the max we get speed.

On the downhill or descending bridge, our cycle is already high speed; we can not use low-speed mode gears because speed is already high, and if pedaling will be faster, then the pedal can be stuck, and we may fall.

This is how cycle gears work.

This Post Has 3 Comments

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